Zweig, Arnold

(1887-1968)
   writer; his antiwar novel Der Streit um den Sergeanten Grischa (The case of Sergeant Grischa, 1927), ranked with Erich Remarque's* All Quiet on the Western Front, became an international best-seller. He was born in Gross-Glogau, Silesia, to a Jewish saddlemaker; his fam-ily moved to Kattowitz in 1897. During 1907-1915 he studied literature, art history, philosophy, and psychology; his earliest fiction appeared in Die Gaste, a student magazine that he helped edit at Breslau. Although his romantic novel of 1912, Novellen um Claudia, was widely acclaimed, it was the 1914 drama Ritualmord in Ungarn (Ritual murder in Hungary), focusing on Jewish identity, that won him the 1915 Kleist Prize.
   Zweig volunteered for the army in 1915 and served first near Verdun and then from 1917 in the press bureau on the Eastern Front. While the war made him a pacifist, his contact with Lithuania's Ostjuden* awakened his interest in Judaism. After the war he settled initially in Starnberg in Bavaria,* but moved to Berlin* in 1923 to enhance his prospects. He briefly edited Judische Rund-schau and wrote occasional essays for Die Weltbuhne.* But his fame rests with the Sergeant Grischa stories. Both the play (Das Spiel um den Sergeanten Gris-cha, 1921) and the novel tell the story of a Russian prisoner of war whose fate is decided in a struggle between progressive and reactionary forces in German society. Employing irony and social realism to transmit an antiwar message, Grischa was part of a tetralogy (with Junge Frau von 1914, Erziehung vor Verdun, and Einsetzung eines Konigs) known collectively as Der grosse Krieg der weissen Manner (The great war of the white peoples).
   Zweig avoided political affiliation, but began advocating partnership with the workers movement in the early 1930s. In Bilanz der deutschen Judenheit (trans-lated as Insulted and Exiled), written in 1933, he claimed that "Jews* are pro-letarians...despite their luxury, their ten-room apartments, their university education, and their intellectual professions. He argued that since they clung to easily revokable privileges, they should abandon their dreams of equality and join the working-class movement.
   Zweig fled Germany when Hitler* seized power and resided initially in south-ern France. He took his family to Palestine in December 1933. After fifteen years in Haifa, he returned to East Berlin in 1948 and became the German Democratic Republic s most celebrated author.
   REFERENCES:Benz and Graml, Biographisches Lexikon;Deak, Weimar Germany's Left-Wing Intellectuals; Salamon, Arnold Zweig.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

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  • ZWEIG, ARNOLD — (1887–1968), German novelist and playwright. Zweig was born in Gross Glogau, Silesia. In 1915, while a university student, he volunteered for the German army and spent over a year in the trenches. After the war he became a freelance writer,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Zweig,Arnold — Zweig (zwīg, swīg, tsvīk), Arnold. 1887 1968. German born writer. A Zionist, he wrote about Judaism, the persecution of the Jews, and war. His works include the novel The Case of Sergeant Grischa (1927). * * * …   Universalium

  • Zweig, Arnold — born Nov. 10, 1887, Glogau, Silesia, Ger. died Nov. 26, 1968, East Berlin, E.Ger. German writer. Zweig, who was Jewish, was exiled from Germany by the Nazis in 1933. He lived as an émigré in Palestine until 1948, when he moved to East Germany. He …   Universalium

  • Zweig, Arnold — ► (1887 1968) Escritor socialista y sionista alemán. Autor de La disputa acerca del sargento Grischa. * * * (10 nov. 1887, Glogau, Silesia, Alemania–26 nov. 1968, Berlín Oriental, Alemania del Este). Escritor alemán. Zweig, que era judío, fue… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Zweig, Arnold — (1887 1968)    German novelist and playwright. He was born in Gross Glogau, Silesia. He worked as a freelance writer in Bavaria and Berlin, where he edited the Zionist journal Judische Rundschau. After moving to Haifa, he co edited the weekly… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Zweig, Arnold —    см. Цвейг, Арнольд …   Энциклопедический словарь экспрессионизма

  • ZWEIG (A.) — ZWEIG ARNOLD (1887 1968) Né à Gross Glogau en Silésie, Arnold Zweig, qui n’est pas parent avec Stefan Zweig, fait, dans différentes universités, des études de philosophie, de philologie contemporaine, d’histoire et d’histoire de l’art. Ensuite,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Arnold Zweig — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Sello de Arnold Zweig Arnold Zweig (Glogau (hoy Gogów, Polonia), 10 de noviembre de 1887 Berlín, 26 de noviembre de 1968) fue un escritor alemán d …   Wikipedia Español

  • Arnold I. — Arnold – älter auch Arnoald(us) – ist sowohl ein männlicher Vorname als auch ein Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens 2 Namenstag 3 Bekannte Namensträger 3.1 Vorname 3.2 Familienname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arnold II. — Arnold – älter auch Arnoald(us) – ist sowohl ein männlicher Vorname als auch ein Familienname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens 2 Namenstag 3 Bekannte Namensträger 3.1 Vorname 3.2 Familienname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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